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陶源:Compare and Contrast Ancient Greek and Chinese Gods

Compare and Contrast
Ancient Greek and Chinese Gods
  Different environments bring about different races and nations. Different races have their special culture and literature. Culture and literature reflect these ideas and customs.
  Mythology, every race has it, but they are always different. For example, there are many differences between ancient Greek mythology and ancient Chinese mythology. So there are differences between ancient Greek and Chinese gods.
  In fact, they are completely different and complicated gods systems.
  Compare and contrast ancient Greek and Chinese gods, we can get some ideas as follow.
  Firstly, even though these tow gods system are composed of three parts: heaven、sea and underworld gods, most Greek gods were born as gods and half-gods. Chinese gods are ordinary person mostly they must be trained and practice a long long time. After they were experienced hard tests and trials, they became god at last. Many special creatures appeared in these two god systems. In Greek mythology, they were monsters, but in Chinese mythology, some of them were kind and propitious creatures, others were monsters.
  Secondly, these two god systems have different memberships. In Greek gods system, most gods were relatives and they all had some special relationships. There’re so many incestuous relations of them. They chased eros and love beyond morality. In fact, Greek gods can’t be districted by moral concept. They did everything they liked. In Chinese gods system, gods were arranged by their ranks and power. Chinese gods system is composed by Buddhism and Taoism god systems and the Taoism gods system is the main part of ancient Chinese gods system. In this system, gods were not relatives. They supported and prevented something not because of blood relationships or selfish.
  Thirdly, the behaviors of gods were different. In Greek mythology, gods can do anything at their will. There were no moral for gods. They all had shortcomings. For example, crude、selfish、enjoy pleasure and always punish people and so on. In Chinese gods system, no matter who the god is, he can’t do anything at his will. Gods must obey moral rule. Chinese gods represented the good moral characters of ancient Chinese people. Except a few of devil gods, in Chinese gods system, most of them can be regarded as gentlemen.
  Fourthly, the influence to afterworld are different. Be influenced by these two god systems, western people are optimistic and brave to challenge new things and always find and seek stimulation things to add joy and happiness to their life. Differ from western people’s disposition, Chinese are always districted by moral rule. We Chinese advocate safety lie in the middle course to deal with affairs. Chinese are hospitable and kind.
  In this essay, I expound my ideas and thought about the differences between ancient Greek and Chinese gods. According to compare and contrast them, we can get some new knowledge and a clear train of thought about them.
  Different nations have different mythologies. And different mythologies have different influence to their people. So according to learn mythologies, we can understand different cultures deeply and be benefited from them.
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